What's the difference between private equity funds and hedge fund?

I read in Business Weekly that pension funds, university endowments, and other big investors invest in hedge funds and private equity funds. An accompanying graph shows that private equity funds had much higher returns than hedge funds in 2006 and 2007, but also greater losses in 2008. What is the difference between the two? Do they invest in different products? If not, on what base would a pension fund choose whether to invest in one or the other? Thank you!

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